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Ecological Framework of Canada
Arctic Cordillera Ecozone

Human Activities

  1. Subsistence hunting, trapping, and fishing

Canada's Arctic Cordillera Ecozone is one of the world’s most sparsely populated areas. The communities of Broughton Island and Clyde River are home to only about 1 000 people (1991).

The Inuit, who have occupied the region for 1 000 years or more, form over 80% of the population. They consist of regional groups that share a unique heritage and one language with several dialects.

Arctic communities feature a mixture of traditional and cash economies. Much of the local population depends on subsistence hunting, trapping, and fishing -- activities highly valued for their contributions to independence, self-esteem, tradition, and a healthy lifestyle. Residents are also involved in mining, oil and gas development, construction, services, and government activities. Those Inuit employed full-time as wage earners turn to weekend and part-time hunting to supplement their diet with preferred meats. Some tourism is linked with Bylot Island and Auyuittuq national parks.