Home | Ecozones | Northern Arctic
Ecological Framework of Canada
Ecoregions of Canada


This ecoregion consists of the upper-elevation interior portions of Meta Incognita Peninsula on southern Baffin Island. The mean annual temperature is approximately -12°C with a summer mean of 1°C and a winter mean of -22.5°C. The mean annual precipitation ranges from 300 mm to more than 500 mm. This ecoregion is classified as having a low arctic ecoclimate, although higher elevations experience more severe climatic conditions. The landscape is covered by discontinuous dwarf tundra vegetation, consisting of dwarf birch, willow, northern Labrador tea, Dryas spp., and Vaccinium spp. Wetter sites are dominated by willow and sedge. Lichen-covered rock outcroppings are prominent. The upland rises abruptly above the sea to about 915 m asl and drains southward towards Hudson Strait. The surface of the upland is thinly covered with discontinuous, sandy morainal veneers. Bare rock outcroppings are common, and Static Cryosols are the dominant soils in the ecoregion. Permafrost is continuous with low ice content.  Characteristic wildlife includes caribou, muskox, hare, lemming, arctic wolf, fox, ermine, polar bear, and raptors. Land uses are limited to trapping and hunting.

This ecoregion is part of the Northern Arctic ecozone.